How to Study Physics for CBSE 12th Exam?

How to Study Physics for CBSE 12th Exam?

Preparing for the CBSE Class 12 physics exam is a significant task. It is a crucial step toward achieving your future academic and professional goals. In this blog, you will learn important CBSE 12th class physics exam preparation tips to make this process less overwhelming.

How to prepare for class 12 physics exam?

Here are some key tips one can follow to prepare and excel in physics:

  • Thoroughly go through the CBSE physics syllabus

Understanding the CBSE physics syllabus is the foundation of your preparation. Familiarise yourself with the prescribed syllabus. The syllabus acts as a roadmap, guiding you through the topics that will be covered in the exam. Take note of key chapters, units, and weightage assigned to each section.

Here is the break-up of all the units and their weightage

Unit No.

Name of Unit











Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance


Current Electricity
Chapter 3: Current Electricity



Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism







Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter



Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter 7: Alternating Current


Electromagnetic Waves






Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves



Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 10: Wave Optics


Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter






Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter



Atoms and Nuclei
Chapter 12: Atoms
Chapter 13: Nuclei


Electronic Devices





Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits


Communication Systems
Chapter 15: Communication Systems


CBSE Class 12 Physics Practical Exam Evaluation Pattern


Time – 3 Hours

 Max. Marks – 30

Two experiments one from each section

7+7 Marks

Practical record [experiments and activities]

5 Marks

One activity from any section

3 Marks

Investigatory Project

3 Marks

Viva on experiments, activities and project

5 Marks


30 Marks

  • Create a study planYoung,Focused,School,,College,Girl,With,Pen,In,Hand,Write,

Developing a well-structured study plan is crucial. Identify the topics you need to cover, estimate the time required for each, and allocate study sessions accordingly. Break down your study plan into manageable chunks, considering your strengths and weaknesses. A well-thought-out study plan ensures comprehensive coverage of the syllabus and helps you stay organised and focused.

Examine the previous years’ CBSE question papers and identify the chapters and topics that have been asked. Perform a thorough analysis of question frequency in order to identify recurring patterns and rank chapters according to their importance. Concentrate more on chapters that appear frequently, as they are more likely to be asked in the examination. Make systematically structured notes for the assigned critical chapters.

Students who are good at the theory part of the syllabus may want to focus more on units that are theory-centred, such as wave optics, atoms, the dual nature of radiation and matter, communication, and nuclei. Students who are good at solving numerical problems shall prioritise their preparation techniques by strengthening the units that have more numericals and then moving to the theoretical ones.

  • Understand the basic concepts


Physics is not just about memorising formulae; it is about understanding the underlying concepts. Once you understand the concept behind the formula, only then can you accurately solve problems. Read your textbooks thoroughly, take detailed notes, and visualise complex concepts using diagrams. Try explaining these concepts in your own words to ensure a deep understanding. Remember, understanding the ‘why’ behind the formulae is as important as knowing the formulae themselves.

  • Use the right study material and resources


Study material play a crucial role in preparing for the CBSE Class 12 physics exam. To kickstart your preparation and gain a solid understanding of physics in CBSE Class 12, begin with NCERT books. These serve as an excellent foundation and guide you through the subject. Once you are through NCERT books, consider incorporating other reference books to tackle a wider range of questions. Below is a list of recommended CBSE Class 12 physics books:

  • Concepts of Physics by H.C Verma
  • New Simplified Physics: A Reference Book for Class – 12 by S.L Arora
  • CBSE Chapter-wise Solutions – Physics (Class 12) by S. K. Singh
  • Modern’s ABC Physics – Class XII – By Satish Gupta
  • Practice problems

Regularly practicde solving problems across various difficulty levels. Start with simple problems and gradually progress to more complex ones. Review your mistakes, understand why they occurred, and refine your problem-solving skills. Time yourself while solving problems to improve your time management skills. Furthermore, as part of your preparation strategy on how to prepare for Physics Class 12, solving the previous year’s question papers and CBSE sample papers is highly recommended.

  • Seek help when needed

If you encounter challenges with specific topics or problems, do not hesitate to seek help. Teachers, tutors, and classmates are valuable resources. Identify the areas where you need assistance, and ask specific questions. Be open to feedback and willing to put in extra effort to overcome challenges. Additionally, you may want to consider engaging in group studies or utilising online platforms where doubt-solving experts can offer valuable guidance.

  • Maintain physical and mental well-being

Another important CBSE Class 12 physics preparation tip includes maintaining a healthy body and mind for effective studying. Prioritise adequate sleep, a balanced diet, and regular physical activity. Manage stress through relaxation techniques like deep breathing and meditation.

  • What to do during the exam?

While giving the exam, be concise and use bullet points. Remember, tackle the entire paper initially, leaving challenging questions for later. This prevents time wastage and ensures you complete the entire paper. Only revisit the unanswered questions after completing the rest of the exam. Make sure you write the paper neatly, especially the numerical portion, so that it is easy and convenient for the teacher to assign marks.

In conclusion, excelling in the CBSE 12th physics exam requires a comprehensive approach that combines thorough understanding, strategic planning, and effective problem-solving skills. By following these CBSE Class 12 physics preparation tips, you can navigate the complexities of physics and be successful in your CBSE exams.

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How to Study Physics for CBSE 12th Exam?

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